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This term applies to art that is made using one single colour or tone with nuances and different gradations. Monochromes are supposed to enunciate a pure form of painting for some, while for others it may be the end of painting. Some artists may befall on a spiritual dimension of art, relinquishing all material aspects. Monochrome in its sheer avant-gardism in defining what painting is and its function has been a consistent topic for critique among art historians and critics.

Kazimir Malevich, Suprematist Composition: White on White, 1918, oil on canvas, Museum of Modern Art New York