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It refers to an art movement that has its origins in Italy in early twentieth century when Filippo Tommaso Marinetti published the manifesto of futurism Le Futurisme in 1909. This new form of expression with its emphasis on speed, youth, power and technology finding much of its inspiration from modern commercial cinema and culture embraced painting, sculpture, photography, music and architecture. In art, through a blend of elements and forms futurists expressed the idea of dynamism, energy and movement in modern life rejecting anything traditional and of the past foregrounding the modern myth of the machine. The past came to be associated with oppression in a society rift with war and in such an atmosphere futurism arose as a movement against peace as Marinetti and his followers believed that only conflict can revolutionise the consciousness and aesthetic expression.

It subsequently influenced the practices of many artists and movements.


Further Reading

Futurism: An Anthology edited by Christine Poggi and Laura Wittman

Futurism by Richard Humphreys 

Carlo Carra, Il Ciclista, 1913