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Relief is a sculptural technique which involves considerable amount of cutting away from a flat surface of stone, metal or wood. Thus the relief sculpture gives an impression of the sculpted material raised above a plane background. It’s less fragile and more firmly fixed than a sculpture in the round. Reliefs are classified according to the height of the figures projecting from the background. In a low relief, the forms project just slightly from the background whereas in a high relief, the designs are at quite a height from the background and at parts can be completely detached from the ground. Middle reliefs fall roughly between the high and low forms.

Bas-relief representing the Descent of the Ganges or the Arjuna's Penance, Mahabalipuram, India