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Rajput Painting

Rajput Painting is a style of Indian painting that evolved in the late 16th and early 17th century in the royal states of Rajasthan. Each Rajput kingdom displayed a distinct style, but with some resemblance. Since almost all of the princely states of Rajasthan were ruled by the Mughals at that time, the art schools of Rajput paintings reflected strong Mughal influence.

Rajput paintings can essentially be characterized as dynamic, romantic and lyrical than being intellectual and can easily be distinguished by their vivid colour schemes and bold lines. The theme of these paintings revolve around the celebrated Indian epics like Ramayana and Mahabharata, Krishna’s life, landscapes, court scenes, portraits, and pictures of royal pursuits. While miniatures in manuscripts were kept in albums, many paintings were done on walls of the palaces and the interior chambers of forts and havelis.

The colours used in these paintings were extracted from certain minerals, plant sources, and conch shells and by processing precious stones like gold and silver.  The technique used in these paintings was essentially simple. The artists used the application of opaque watercolour on paper, building the painting in layers. 

Further Reading

Mughal and Rajput Painting by Milo Cleveland Beach

Malavi Ragini, 1820, Raagamala School, Indian miniature painting, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India