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Photogravure is an intaglio printmaking process wherein a photographic image is etched to reproduce prints with rich artistic effects. In this process, a light-sensitive gelatin tissue is exposed to the film positive and coated onto a copper plate. The plate is then etched, resulting in a high quality intaglio print that can reproduce desired tones of a photograph.  

Henry Fox Talbot and Karel Klíč invented this method in the mid-19th century when photographers were seeking a way to make prints that would not fade. Although this technique was initially used in effort to solve technical problems faced during publishing books, newspapers and journals; photographers, attracted with the print quality and several unique tones produced by this method, later started using it for their own photographs.

Photogravure of Victor Hugo, 1875