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Linocut

Linocut is a printmaking technique which was first used in art by The Bridge group of German Expressionist artists in early 20th century. A sheet of linoleum (a variant of floor covering made from renewable materials and sometimes pigments) is used as the relief surface to be designed upon using knives and chisels. A linoleum sheet is much easier to carve than wood, and a heated up sheet is again much easier to carve. The uncarved areas then represent the mirror image of what is intended to be printed. A brayer or a roller is used to ink the linoleum sheet and then impressed upon the printing material like paper or fabric using a press or by hand. An obvious disadvantage is due to the fragility of the material as it tends to erode faster, thus making large numbers of prints from a single sheet difficult.

 

Further Reading

The Artist’s Handbook of Materials and Techniques by Ralph Mayer


5_Mirror_Mirror, 1996, Linocut, 31x46 cm