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Engraving

Engraving is the practice of cutting a decorative design onto a hard surface. Engravers use a hardened steel tool or machine to cut the design. This technique can be used for making decorative objects, as by engraving silver, gold, steel, or glass, or the result can be a printing plate, of copper or any other metal, for printing images as prints or illustrations. The work to be engraved is first scribed on the metal surface before the design is cut out and then transferred on paper or any other material using various chemicals in combination with an inkjet.

Albrecht Dürer, Saint Jerome in his Study, 1514, engraving, Kupferstichkabinett, Dresden