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Constructivism

Constructivism was primarily an Art and Architectural movement with origins in Russia beginning in 1919. It rejected the idea of autonomous art and favored Art as a practice for social purpose.

The constructivists sought an art of order, which would reject the past (the old order which had culminated to World War I) and lead to a world of more understanding, unity and peace. Most Constructivist work appears in the form of designs (textiles, architecture or industrial designs), some of the famous artists include Vladimir Tatlin, Robert Adams and El Lissitzky.

The themes in Constructivism are geometric, experimental and rarely emotional. The art is distinct owing to its total abstraction, commitment to modernity, its inclination to being reductive and paring the artwork down to the basic elements. Members of the movement were also called ‘Artistic Engineers’ because of their admiration for machines, technology, functionalism and modern industrial materials like plastic, steel and glass.

 


El Lissitzky, Cover for Artists' Brigade, 1931, Book Cover Design.